Introduction To OSHA

Greeting readers,

This blog is actually created by Mr Isfa, the OSH subject lecturer for DIP2C class in POLIMAS and make his  student  to authorise this blog . The main purpose of this blog is actually to centralize all the information, assignment, and project for this particular subject to be shared all across the web and particularly, for POLIMAS student. This will make the accessibilities of information to all OSH student more effective which concomitant with POLIMAS IT Department’s vision to make Programming student familiarise with the online data fetching and thus, making the student very practical and effective in all parts in the industry.  Me and my group  members also personally thinks that this approach will also produce a higher quality student not only in final examination pointer, but also in skills, knowledge and effectiveness.

Anyway, back to the main topic. We were given 6 question by Mr Isfa and ordered to answer them in class(presentation) and post it  in this blog. So, these outcome is from our research.

Question 1: What OSHA actually is anyway?
The word OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration. It is more like an organisation formed by our government to maintain and supervise all workspace safety and healthy work environment for the worker. OSHA issues and enforces standards for workplace safety and health in order to prevent work related injuries.

Question 2: Brief History Of OSHA
The Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514) is a piece of Malaysian legislation which was gazetted on 25 February 1994 by the Malaysian Parliament.

The principle of the Act is "To make further provision for securing that safety, health and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work, to establish the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health and for matters connected therewith."

The Act applies throughout Malaysia to the industries specified in the First Schedule. Nothing in this act shall apply to work aboard ships governed by the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1952, the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1960 of Sabah or Sarawak or the armed forces.

Source: Wikipedia.org

Question 3: Organisation in OSHA
Organisation in OSHA can be divided into 2 groups which is government organisation and non-government organisation. Some famous example of it are National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Occupational Safety and Health Academy (OSHA) and Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH).

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
NIOSH was established on 24 June 1992 as a Company Limited by Guarantee, under the Malaysian Companies Act, 1965.

NIOSH was launched, after careful preparation and commitment from all parties to improve the safety and health of workers at the workplace in Malaysia.

Under Minister of Human Resources, Malaysia.
"Critical catalyst" in the promotion of occupational safety and health.

NIOSH Board of Directors comprises of 15 Board members, ten of which are appointed by the Government while the remaining are elected by NIOSH members during the Annual General Meeting (AGM).

Source: http://www.niosh.com.my

Occupational Safety & Health Academy (OSHA)
OSHA founded in 1993.Formed to provide a general occupational safety & health consulting & training offerings to the business within Malaysia.

The design and delivery of custom training solutions.

The development of OSH management systems within the ILO OSH Management Guidelines 2001.

OSHA has provided its services within Malaysia as well as other international locations namely Indonesia, Sudan, Myanmar, Vietnam & South Africa.

Industry experience includes Utilities, Telecommunications, Aviation, Maritime, Petrol-Chemical, and Manufacturing, Construction, and Hospitals, Finance & Commercial activities.

Source: http://www.osha.com.my

Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)
To study and review the policies and legislations of occupational safety and health.

To enforce the following legislations :
a) Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 and its regulations.
b) Factories and Machinery Act 1967 and its regulations.
c) Part of Petroleum Act 1984 (Safety Measures) and its regulations.

To conduct research and technical analysis on issues related to occupational safety and health at the workplace.

To carry out promotional and publicity programs to employers, workers and the general public to foster and increase the awareness of occupational safety and health.

To carry out promotional and publicity programs to employers, workers and the general public to foster and increase the awareness of occupational safety and health.

To become a secretariat for the National Council regarding occupational safety and health.

Source: http://www.dosh.gov.my

Question 4: Terminology in OSHA
Some famous terminologies used in this industry is:

HAZMAT = Hazardous Materials
Hazard = Danger to human or environment
Safety = Away from danger
Health = Well being and free from disease
Environment = Surrounding condition
Exercise = OSH performed Emergency  Execution exercise regularly
Emergency = a sudden unforeseen crisis

Source: google.com

Question 5: Importance of OSH
We have come into a conclusion that there are 5 importance of OSH. They are:
1) To prepare and preserve a workplace with a safe and healthy working system.
2) To ensure that all staff are provided with the relevant information, instruction, training and supervision regarding methods to carry out their duties in a safe manner and without causing any risk to health.
3) To investigate all accidents, diseases, poisonous and/or dangerous occurrences, and to have action taken to ensure that these occurrences will not be repeated.
4) To comply with all the requirements of legislations related to safety and health as stated in the Occupational Safety And Health Act 1994, as well as regulations and codes of practice which have been approved.
5) To provide basic welfare facilities to all workers

Question 6:  Type Of Accident
From our group research, we have found a lot of accident which closely related to OSH. Some report on those reports are also available online.  Click this link to read them.



From the research, we have come into conclusion that all accident happen was mainly resulted by these factor:
1) Human Factor
2) Technical Failure

Human Factor
Inside the Human Factor category, we can divide it into several more sub-category. To make it easy to understand, I’ll just brief it in simple words. The sub-categories are:
Human Emotion;
Human Performance and Limit;
Knowledge and Training;

Technical Failure
Just like Human Factor, Technical Failure also can be divided into several sub-categories and they are:
Faulty Design;
Material and Parts Failure;

Written by Ku Ahmad Mudrikah Ku Mukhtar
Information by Ahmad Farhan, Hafizh Asyraf, Afif Asyraf dan Zaki Zakwan

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