OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA)
STUDENT NAME:MOHD.RIDZUAN B.ILYAS(F1061)
AMER FAIZ B.MOHD ROSLI(F1113)
WAN MAT AZAM B.WAN MAT TAHIR(F1098)
Occupational health and safety is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged inwork or employment. The goal of all occupational health and safety programs is to foster a safe work environment. As a secondary effect, it may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment.
EXAMPLE OF TERMINOLOGY USED IN OSHA:
The Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514) is a piece of Malaysian legislation which was gazetted on 25 February 1994 by the Malaysian Parliament.
The principle of the Act is "To make further provision for securing that safety, health and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work, to establish the National Council for Occupational Safety and Healthand for matters connected therewith."
The Act applies throughout Malaysia to the industries specified in the First Schedule. Nothing in this act shall apply to work aboard ships governed by the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1952, the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1960 of Sabah or Sarawak or the armed forces.There are seven regulations under OSHA 1994 that enforced by DOSH,which are:
1. Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations, 1996
2. Classification, Packaging and Labelling of Hazardous Chemicals Regulations, 1997
3. Safety and Health Committee Regulations, 1996
4. Safety and Health Officer Regulations, 1997
5. Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health Regulations, 2000
6. Notification of Accident, Dangerous Occurrence, Occupational Poisoning and Occupational Disease Regulations, 2004
7. Employers’ Safety and Health General Policy Statements (Exception) Regulations, 1995
HAZARDS AND SAFETINESS FOR THE WORKERS:
Nearly 6.5 million people work at approximately 252,000 construction sites across the nation on any given day. The fatal injury rate for the construction industry is higher than the national average in this category for all industries.
Potential hazards for workers in construction include:
- Falls (from heights);
- Trench collapse;
- Scaffold collapse;
- Electric shock and arc flash/arc blast;
- Failure to use proper personal protective equipment; and
- Repetitive motion injuries.
The Important for Occupational health and safety:
Occupational health and safety officers promote health and safety procedures in an organisation. They recognize hazards and measure health and safety risks, set suitable safety controls in place, and give recommendations on avoiding accidents to management and employees in an organisation. It is the responsibility of the company to take steps to protect its workers’ safety and health.
Organisation of OSHA in Malaysia:
Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)
(Ministry of Human Resources)
Levels 2, 3 & 4, Block D3, Complex D
Federal Government Administrative Centre
62530 Putrajaya, Malaysia
Tel: 603-8886 5000 Fax: 603-8889 2443
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Lot 1, Jalan 15/1, Section 15
43650 Bandar Baru Bangi
Tel: 603-8769 2100 Hotline: 603-8926 5606 Fax: 603-8926 2900